Estuaries are once again emerging as important ecosystems for scientific study. Consequently, knowledge of what research has been conducted helps us identify benchmarks and plan new projects. A comprehensive bibliography of published research, technical reports, local documents, and data sets is one means of recording this knowledge. Yaquina Bay, located in Oregon's Lincoln County, has been studied for decades, at times aggressively so. With the renewed interest in Yaquina Bay as a research site, Oregon Sea Grant and the Environmental Protection Agency generously funded this bibliography. The final report on the GIS component explains the development of mapping interface.

Using the Bibliography

You can search geographically with our map interface, by key words or author in the web version of the bibliography, or browse the text version. If using the web version, select the Yaquina Bibliography database and refer to the help for searching tips.

The bibliography may be used for non-commercial educational and research purposes. For other uses, please contact

Getting the Documents

All documents cited in the bibliography are available through the Marilyn Potts Guin Library at Oregon State University's Hatfield Marine Science Center. Most are housed in the Guin Library; however some may only be available in the Valley Library collection or in a special reference collection at another library.

Most materials can be photocopied. A rate schedule is available upon request.

Those materials that cannot be copied may be available for loan. The Guin Library lends to other libraries. Requests should for more information can be submitted by phone, fax, mail, or electronically to the Library.

Creating the Bibliography

What's included:

All citations relate to the natural environment of the Yaquina Bay and its watershed. This is a broad range that includes the obvious field work, laboratory experiments using animals from the Bay, and demographic studies showing human pressure on the ecosystem. Historical material with descriptions or photographs of the area are included.

A wide range of formats are covered such as journal articles, technical reports, proceedings, government documents, theses, maps, and web sites.

Some general works are included that coverYaquina Bay and other Oregon estuaries.

Some citations to estuarine sampling techniques developed and used in Yaquina Bay are included.

What's not included:

Although much research has been done on the open ocean and near shore off of Yaquina Bay, these citations are generally not included unless directly linked to the estuary or the river.

Newspaper clippings are not extensively covered.

Most material on techniques, if not specific to the Yaquina Bay, are not included.

Work Process:

The two compilers worked together to structure the bibliography and collect materials. Most data entry was done by Heather Hiveley while Janet Webster resolved issues and oversaw the project. Each item was actually examined by one or both compilers. References found that could not be physically located have been entered into another file and are available from the compilers.

We chose to enter keywords rather than abstracts to avoid copyright issues, and provide consistent treatment of the varied material.

We initially focused on pre-1975 material as these items are less likely to be indexed in electronically accessible resources. Using Smallbone's Bays and Estuaries of Oregon: a Literature Review of Ph.D. and Masters Theses at Oregon State University and University of Oregon (1974), we located these works and worked from their bibliographies. Other primary print bibliographies used were A Bibliography of Estuarine Research in Oregon by Morgan and Holton (1977) and Bibliography of Publications and Theses compiled by Ludwig (1987). We searched available catalogs including those of Oregon State University Libraries, the University of Oregon Library, the University of Washington Library, the State Library of Oregon, and the OCLC database. We also searched available indexes including Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts, Biosis, Zoological Record, Environmental Sciences & Pollution Management, TOXLINE, Water Resources Abstracts, and Fish and Fisheries Worldwide. We also discovered items through word-of-mouth.

We continue to add to the bibliography as items are found or brought to our attention. Please send us citations you believe should be included.


The bibliography was originally compiled using ProCite Version 4.01. The standard work forms were used so basic bibliographic information, location, and keywords were consistent.


Authorship can be difficult to describe at times. This is particularly true with local, state and federal agency reports and publications. We used the authors as described on the title page and included personal authors as well as corporate authors. The Oregon State Department of Fish and Wildlife appears in various forms reflecting its evolution as a state agency. This is true with other agencies.


Each citation contains at least one general subject term (Biological, Physical, Geologic or Chemical), one geographic term, and at least two other subject terms. The evolution and application of the keywords are discussed on the keyword page.

“Historical” is used instead of history, in order not to confuse history references with life history information about organisms. “Archeology” is preferred over “archaeology.”

The Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts Thesaurus has been used as much as possible for subject terms. Between Pacific Tides (5th Edition) was used as a taxonomic guide. The American Fisheries Society's publications were used for scientific name verification when possible: Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada (5th Edition), Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks (2nd Edition), and Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Decapod Crustaceans.

Geographic terms for Yaquina Bay were derived from NOAA chart 15580 and USGS topological maps. The other estuary names used as keywords (ie: Siuslaw River Estuary) are broad descriptors referring to any part of that river system. Geographic locations can be difficult because different researchers have used various river mile and name designations over time. We have occasionally used river miles, but admit to some inconsistency. Buoys are also used in many field studies; we have included them as geographic keywords even though some no longer exist. You should always check the original document when in doubt.

Funding the Bibliography

The original work on this project was jointly funded with grants from Oregon Sea Grant and the Western Ecology Division of the United States Environmental Protection Agency. Thanks to Jan Auyong Titgen of Oregon Sea Grant and Walt Nelson of the Newport EPA Lab for their patience and support.

Thanks also to Range Bayer, Bob Olson and Susan Gilmont for their help with tracking down difficult citations and ambiguous keywords.

Contact Information

Marilyn Potts Guin Library
Oregon State University
Hatfield Marine Science Center
Newport, OR 97365